The staph superbug infection is also referred to as a MRSA infection or also methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection. These are terms that have been assigned to a strain of staph that is resistant to many infection-fighting antibiotics such as methicillin. The infection is caused by the Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. Because of the high resistance to many antibiotics that fight staph infections, this condition is very dangerous and can be fatal. This superbug is particularly a problem for the elderly or people with weak immune systems. However, nowadays, MRSA can affect even healthy people.
Methicillin resistant staph infections initially were only found in hospitals or nursing homes and were often called HA-MRSA or health care associated MRSA. However, nowadays it can occur outside of these locations as well and the term to describe this form is CA-MRSA or community associated MRSA.
There are several theories as to why the staph MRSA superbug has appeared. Many are based on the presence or use of too many antibiotics worldwide. This can be in the food we eat and the water we drink. In some cases this has been done intentionally, such as the use of antibiotics in conjunction with the raising of livestock. In other cases, groundwater gets indirectly contaminated due to runoff. Doctors using antibiotics to treat health conditions that did not require antibiotics in the first place also contributes to overuse. The above scenarios lead to bacteria that develop a resistance to the antibiotics. The bacteria mutate rendering them unaffected by certain antibiotics.
Is it possible to successfully treat an infection caused by the staph superbug?
MRSA infections are very difficult to treat. Without successful treatment the infection will lead to much more serious health problems associated with the blood, bones, heart, lungs, etc. However, in most cases the right antibiotic or combination of antibiotics can be found to combat the infection.
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